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Beginner’s guide to programming in Python

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Python is considered one of the best programming languages for beginners because of its simplicity, readability, and high-level syntax. Learning to code in Python is a great starting point for anyone who looks forward to becoming a programmer. In this beginner’s guide, we will discuss the basics of programming in Python.

Setting up Python:

First things first, you will need to download and install Python on your computer. Python is a free and open-source language, which means you can download it from their official website. Once you have installed Python, you can start coding in it.

How does Python work?

Python is an interpreted language, which means it does not require a compilation process. Instead, the code is executed line-by-line by the interpreter. It is an object-oriented language, which means everything in Python is an object, and it has classes that define the attributes and methods of an object.


Variables are containers that hold data. In Python, you do not need to define the data type of a variable. The data type is set dynamically based on the value assigned to the variable. For example, to declare a variable, you simply write:

number = 5

This will create a variable called ‘number’ and assign the value ‘5’ to it.

Data types:

Python supports various data types such as integers, floats, strings, lists, tuples, and dictionaries. Each data type has its own unique properties and methods.

Conditional statements:

Conditional statements are used to make decisions based on a condition. The most common conditional statement is the ‘if’ statement, which is used to check whether a condition is true or not. For example:

If number > 10:
print(“Number is greater than 10”)

This code will check whether the value of ‘number’ is greater than 10. If it is true, it will print the message “Number is greater than 10”.


Loops are used to repeat a set of instructions. Python supports two main types of loops: ‘for’ and ‘while’. The ‘for’ loop is used to iterate over a sequence of values, such as a list or a string. The ‘while’ loop is used to repeat a set of instructions until a condition is met.


Functions are used to group a set of instructions together, which can be called multiple times in the program. To define a function, you use the keyword ‘def’. For example,

def add_numbers(x, y):
return x + y

The above code defines a function called ‘add_numbers’ that takes two variables ‘x’ and ‘y’ and returns their sum.


In conclusion, Python is easy to learn and a great programming language for beginners. With its simple syntax and powerful libraries, Python can be used for a wide range of applications such as data analysis, web development, and game development. The best way to learn Python is by practicing it. Try out these basics and start building simple programs. Happy coding!

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